Hydrozoa | Leptothecata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 3 - 2200 m (Ref. 120471). Subtropical
Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Subtropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Occurs in shallow waters <50 m depth, but absent along the continental coast. Found in areas of fine sand (Ref. 96391). Colonial (Ref. 19). Sessile (Ref. 3123). Suspension feeder (Ref. 118257). Found at depths of 3 to 2200 m (Ref. 120471).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reproduction occurs only in hydroid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 25)
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 1.2 - 10.7, mean 6.1 (based on 213 cells).