Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 93 m (Ref. 118299). Subtropical, preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 55°N - 20°S, 19°W - 37°E (Ref. 356)
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.6, range 3 - ? cm Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434); 23.5 cm TL (female)
Average total length: 11 to 14 cm (male); 13 to 17 cm (female). Maximum depth from Ref. 114857. Found at depths of 5 to 75 m in bottom muddy sand, marine and estuarine environment (Ref. 8). Feeds at night on small benthic organism (mollusks, polychaetes, crustaceans and echinoderms; Ref. 434).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 15.2 - 21.6, mean 19 (based on 188 cells).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (17 of 100).