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Penaeus merguiensis   De Man, 1888

Banana prawn
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Penaeus merguiensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 10 - 55 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 20 m (Ref. 10).  Tropical, preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 28°N - 29°S, 39°E - 168°E (Ref. 356)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: from Kenya and the Persian Gulf to Hong Kong and Australia.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - ? cm Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); max. published weight: 50.00 g (Ref. 116487)

Short description Morphology

No dark brown transverse bands on the carapace and abdomen, which are uniformly glabrous. Uniformly high proximal part of triangular rostrum is particular in fully grown female. Rostrum usually armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 5 or 6 ventral teeth. No lateral spines on telson. Color: in life, cream to yellow, sometimes minutely speckled with brown, olive green or light green pigments. Brown banded antennules; brown antennae not banded; legs and pleopds are yellowish, sometimes tinged with brown or pink; uropods with combinations of yellowish green and brownish shades. Upper margin of rostrum is fringed with brown in fully grown individuals.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum depth from Ref. 10. Maximum standard length: 24.0 cm (Ref. 356). Caught mainly by trawl, gill net, fish corral, push net and filter net (Ref. 10). Juveniles are found in mangrove creek-inlets (Ref. 121464), in a mangrove vegetate area (Ref. 121475), in intertidal and subtidal edge of mud flats, near inshore and far inshore waters (Ref. 121464). Occurs in bottom mud or sandy-mud substrates in marine and estuarine environments (Ref. 8) and among shells (Ref. 121467). Inhabits shallow open sea or in the mouth of a river and bay areas where water is more or less turbid (Ref. 374). Adult species periodically form aggregations or 'schools' offshore (Ref. 100847). Omnivore (Ref. 116259). Spawning happened throughout the year with one peak in September (Ref. 94177).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Prior r = 1.18, 95% CL = 0.78 - 1.77, Based on 6 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.