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Penaeus monodon   Fabricius, 1798

Giant tiger prawn

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Penaeus monodon  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Penaeus monodon (Giant tiger prawn)
Penaeus monodon
Picture by Khan, Muhammad Moazzam

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 150 m (Ref. 10), usually ? - 60 m (Ref. 10).  Tropical; 17°C - 38°C (Ref. 72772), preferred 24°C (Ref. 107945); 36°N - 33°S, 55°E - 154°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: From Pakistan to Japan, the Malay Archipelago and Australia. Introduced in the Atlantic Ocean (Africa and USA). Tropical to temperate.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - 4.22 cm Max length : 33.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); 35 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 250.00 g (Ref. 116487)

Short description Morphology

Uniformly glabrous body; carapace with well-developed antennal and hepatic spines. Horizontal and straight hepatic carina. Rostrum armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 3 ventral teeth. Color: body is reddish with darker bands. Brown to blue pleopods and reddish fringing setae.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Caught by pond fishing and inshore fishing. Considered a delicacy in the Philippines that in 1980, retail price was Php60 to 80 (US$8.6 to 11.5)/kg in Manila and Php50 to 70 in local areas (Ref. 10). Maximum total length (female) from Ref. 104052. Juveniles are found in estuarine environments (Ref. 8), in mangrove inlets (Ref. 121464) and mangrove vegetate area (Ref. 121475). Enters shallow brackish water or kept in ponds (Ref. 374). Found in seagrass and among shells (Ref. 121467). Pelagic, i.e. recorded in the water column (Ref. 106854). Less of a scavenger; mainly a predator of slow moving benthic macroinvertebrates like small crabs and molluscs. Also capable of capturing more mobile forms like small penaeids and fishes (Ref. 102664).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 1984 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 4 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (17 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.