Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 3 - 720 m (Ref. 8), usually 3 - 50 m (Ref. 8). Tropical; 18°C - 24°C (Ref. 434), preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 23°N - 24°S, 90°W - 13°E
Atlantic Ocean: from Mexico to Brazil and Mauritania to Angola. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434); 23 cm TL (female)
Maximum carapace length: 4.1 cm (male); 4.8 cm (female) (Ref. 8). Maximum total length (male) from Ref. 110183. Maximum depth from Ref. 97531. Occurs at depths from 3 to 700 m, common at depths from 10 to 75 m (Ref. 434), inhabits bottom mud or sandy mud, and sandy patches among rocks in marine environment. Juveniles found in estuarine environment (Refs. 8, 106886). Also inhabits lagoons (Ref. 417). In general, the majority of penaeids are omnivorous or detritus feeders (Ref. 105082).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.6 - 28, mean 27.3 (based on 422 cells).
Prior r = 0.46, 95% CL = 0.30 - 0.69, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).