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Periphylla periphylla   (Péron & Lesueur, 1810)

merchant-cap

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Periphylla periphylla  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Scyphozoa | Coronatae | Periphyllidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Pelagic; depth range 0 - 2900 m (Ref. 116114), usually 0 - 300 m (Ref. 121705).  Tropical; 70°N - 78°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Circumglobal.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 35.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 121705)

Short description Morphology

Up to 20 cm wide; usually higher than wide, with a pointed or dome-shaped apex; gonads U-shaped; stomach and subumbrella purple or violet.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found In deep waters (Ref. 116114). Symbiotic with amphipods, Hyperoche medusarum, Cyllopus magellanicus and juvenile Themisto guadichaudii (Ref. 3052), and has pycnogonids as an ectoparasite (Ref. 1943). Adults and juveniles of the pycnogonid Bathypallenopsis scoparia are found attached to this jellyfish (Ref. 121217). Exhibits vertical migration. Majority of the medusae moved from the deep basin to a zone below thermocline, a distance ranging from 100 to 400 m, at night. Move downward and disperse within water column below 200 to 350 m at dawn and during daylight hours, reside in narrow vertical intervals (about 60 m) in August and broader intervals (about 100 m) in December. Observed at water below thermocline at temperatures 6 to 8°C (Ref. 3051). Carcass and fresh samples used as bait of this species are scavenged by Myxine glutinosa, Munida tenuimana, Orchomenella obtusa, a decapod shrimp (Ref. 108800) and other unknown decapods (Ref. 108805). Members of the class Scyphozoa are gonochoric. Life cycle: Egg is laid by the adult medusa which later develops into a free-living planula, then to a scyphistoma to a strobila, and lastly to a free-living young medusa (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Scyphozoa are gonochoric. Life cycle: Egg is laid by the adult medusa which later develops into a free-living planula, then to a scyphistoma to a strobila, and lastly to a free-living young medusa.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Migotto, A.E., A.C. Marques, A.C. Morandini and F.L. da Silveira. 2002. (Ref. 813)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses


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Tools

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 1.7 - 6.4, mean 3.4 (based on 3792 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown