Ascidiacea | Enterogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 116065). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86424)
Identified as a possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean (Ref. 85347). It has a wide geographical range in warm seas. Common in all habitats and it is usually surrounded by ophiurans (Ref. 415). Under rock slabs and boulders in the lower eulittoral zone and subtidal rocks. Fouls pier piles and pontoons (Ref. 102838). Commensal with amphipods (Ref. 82302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.4 - 28.5, mean 27.1 (based on 494 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)