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Penaeus indicus   Milne-Edwards, 1837

Indian white prawn
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Penaeus indicus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Penaeidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 90 m (Ref. 8), usually 0 - 10 m (Ref. 110177).  Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 30°N - 31°S, 30°E - 168°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: From northeast Africa to south China, Malaysia, Indonesia and north Australia. Introduced in southeast Africa.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 12.2, range 4 - 3.9 cm Max length : 20.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 119750); 23.5 cm TL (female); common length : 17.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8); max. published weight: 35.00 g (Ref. 116487)

Short description Morphology

Uniformly glabrous carapace and abdomen. Hepatic and antennal spines on the carapace but no orbital spine. Sigmoidal curved rostrum is armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 5 or 6 ventral teeth. Telson with no lateral spine. Shallow convexed rostral crest; adrostral carina reaches epigastric teeth; well-defined gastro-orbital carina, which occupies 2/3 distance between hepatic spine and margin of carapace. Color: in life, same as P. merguiensis but slightly more greyish or dull green. Antennal flagellum is yellow or greenish yellow. Posterior half of uropods is yellowish.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Minimum depth range based on occurrence (Ref. 110177). To be replaced with a better reference. Juveniles are found in mangrove creek-inlets, intertidal mud flats and far inshore waters (Ref. 121464). Prefers sand or mud bottom and can tolerate high salinity (Ref. 10). Adults live in marine environment and juveniles live in estuarine environment (Ref. 8).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 25.5 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 1134 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Prior r = 1.19, 95% CL = 0.79 - 1.79, Based on 7 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.